Itâs not only in the Yorubaland, but also among the other cultures in Nigeria. Herbs are plants with aromatic or savoury properties that are used for medicinal purposes, as food spices, and also for fragrances. The Oloogun (priest) may prescribe the patient various herbal combinations to be included in a spiritual bath to cleanse the person of negative influences which have impacted upon their aura essence. the elements in creation were fire (Atum), water (Nun), Earth (Ptah) and Air. 1500 B.C.) This is the translation of the word "swan" to over 100 other languages. fermented seeds of Parkia biglobosa, African locust beans in English, Igba/Iyere in Yoruba; Flat Crown â yoruba: ayinre, ayinre isingede, ayinre ogo; Garcinia kola â Bitter kola â Orogbo; Garlic â Allium sativum â ayu; Gossypium barbadense â cotton seed â Owu; Guava â guafa; Heliotropium indicum â scorpion weed â Ogbe ori akuko, Agogo igun It is recorded that the ancient Hindus used ritual purification in minor cases by such simple ceremonies as being sprinkled with holy water, and in major cases by more complicated methods, culminating in the Panchakarma. The key point, in respect to the evolution of Yoruba medicine, is that Egyptian knowledge, coupled with the earlier Nok people, produced the outcome of Yoruba herbal practices. Angelic forces (Orisha) —————— ewe (herbs), Obatala: Antispasmodic, stimulants, nervine, diaphoretic, Elegba: All herbs (herbs used for harmonizing), Oshun: Alteratives, blood tonics, cholagogues, emmenagogues, antipyretics, expectorants, carminatives, Yemoja: Perturient, tonics, diuretics, cholagogues, Ogun: Rubefacients, antianemics, antihemorrhagics, nutritive tonics, cardiac tonics, diuretics. The Ebers Papyrus (ca. The essay I have given is by no means complete. The soul is the power which a living body possesses, and it is the end for which the body exist, the final cause of its existence. My goal was to add to the tremendous work Dr. Tierra laid out in integrating Eastern and Western philosophies and the principles of Chinese, Japanese, Ayurvedic, and North American Indian herbal medicine. explores a broad range of medical science and includes chapters on the pulse and cardio-vascular system, dermatology, gynecology, ophthalmology, obstetrics, tumors, burns, fractures, intestinal disorders and much more. Yoruba Medicine â History The medical traditions of the Yoruba people of western Nigeria developed within a culture that deeply respects and venerates ancestors.The orishas, or gods of the Yoruba, were former ancestors such as Oduduwa, the legendary ancestor of all Yoruba people, and his son Ogun. This is the premise of true Yoruba medicine. and bear the name of an Egyptian Pharaoh who stated that he had copied an inscription of his ancestors. Among the various medical techniques for diagnosis and treatment, Yorubic medicine provides an important and valuable system worthy of study. In the herbal context, each require special herbs and foods to bring out the life force energy that bring about their qualities. Yoruba language, one of a small group of languages that comprise the Yoruboid cluster of the Defoid subbranch of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Table 3 below shows herbal directives. owambe saturday I was shocked to know that tummeric is ata- ile called Ajo in my local language. Chilli â Shombo in Yoruba. It is no exaggeration to say that this work would not have been possible without the pioneering work of Dr. Michael Tierra. Connacht (Western Irish) 3. Yoruba language: Effirin . Reply. The purpose of Yoruba is not merely to counteract the negative forces of disease in the human body, but also to achieve spiritual enlightenment and elevation which are the means of freeing the soul. He is best known for his saying, “Eat, drink, and be merry for tomorrow we shall die.”, Imhotep also promoted health by public sanitation, by circumcision of males, and by teaching the people the frequent ipse of the enema. As envisioned by the ancient prophet, Orunmila, of Yoruba, the Ifa Corpus (Cosmic Intelligence) is the text of Osain herbalism. Please find below many ways to say swan in different languages. These doshas and the functions they govern are: The Indians believe that each individual has a combination of doshas. Again, Yoruba medical principles give us a system which harmonizes with the directional energies given in Planetary Herbology. Consequently, within the universe contact is established between objects through emanations (radiation), the result might be sensation or cognition, healing or contagion.4. posted a word This was due pertly because of the historical, and cultural links of each of these systems. Yoruba / Ë j Ér Ê b É / (Yor. As in Western and Chinese herbology, the Yoruba system incorporates environmental and emotional states. To them, magic and healing was “applied religion”. The Memphite Theology is an inscription on a stone, now kept in the British Museum. according to numbers, colors, and directions. Add the herbs to a pot of mildly boiling water (to prepare a decoction). Thorny pigweed/prickly amaranth â tete eleegun in yoruba. Many thanks Samuel Nwaireh Are you Yoruba if you're Yoruba then go to this elewé omo they sell it. The use of herbs and plants, called ewe in Yoruba, is of great importance. Make friends, share videos & photos, record pronunciations and listen to the meaning of words in Nigerian languages and English. (The Yoruba’s were obviously inspired with the seven Orishas by the ancient Eygptian’s concept of the seven openings in the head.). In 1987, the National Academy of Sciences published a report by the National Academy of Engineers entitled Lasers: Invention to Application. In the body, the Erinle-Orisha can be understood in terms of metabolic energy which activates, or stimulates the other Orisha. The use of other forms of light in medicine has a longer history. It is merely a basis to establish the integration of African Medicine into the family of Planetary herbology. Donegal (Ulster, Northern Irish) There is also some evidence that the Irish spoken in urban areas and that spoken in Gaeltacht by an older population are becoming progressively more distinct. It is interesting to note that just as Yin represents the quality of cool and Yang the quality of hot, Oshun represents the power to heal with cool water, and Shango is represented by fire (heat). 1. He diagnosed and treated more than two hundred diseases. Orunmila’s teachings were directed at the Yoruba people which centered around the topics of divination, prayer, dance, symbolic gestures, personal and communal elevation, spiritual baths, meditation, and herbal medicine. kindly send me best price offer and mode of trade. The ancient Egyptian priest looked out at the universe, and noted the ratios of the different planetary cycles, and counted the rhythmic periods in nature. It is suspected that the Eighteenth Dynasty scribe who was responsible for copying the original text only wrote the first 48 cases dealing with the upper third of the body. Plants in these areas are used to help protect energies of the feminine force. BritBritBrow, You now following SylvalineChi, this si the message or part of the message that taw sent.....more, NigerianDictionary.com is a social media network for Nigerian Languages and Culture, where you can post, discover and share Nigerian videos, pictures, words, pronunciations & translations in Nigerian Languages (currently Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin, Yoruba), You can find also find Nigerian comedy, jokes, proverbs, traditional dances, baby names, news, food, and other Nigeria related content. After close study of the herbal principles applied in African medicine, I noticed the fundamental unity and similarities within and between other herbal systems. This is achieved through herbs, spiritual baths, right living, diet, rituals, and self-development which are meant to maintain a healthy and happy life. However, as the patient’s state of consciousness asserts itself, they will again violate the same natural law and eventually have another opportunity to receive motivation in the form of a new ailment to learn what they are doing wrong. Each Orisha is characterized by certain attributes and is in charge of specific organ functions. Garlic - ayu. After comparing the Yoruba system of direction with the “four directions of herbs” classified in the North American Indian medicine wheel, I discovered striking similarities. There is no doubt the Memphite Theology played a major role in evolving Egyptian medical theory. Egyptian priest physicians saw the ideal of medicine as a magical principle: “that the qualities of animals or things are distributed throughout all their parts”. Newsletter | Sample Lesson | Students Only. Yoruba is a native language spoken by the people of Nigeria. They believed that these ratios if used in the sound of music and the architecture of buildings (pyrimids), this would resonate with the life forces of the universe and thus enhance life. From a conceptual standpoint, Osain herbalism is a religion, a philosophy, and a science, Born from this concept is the idea that oneness with the Creative Essence brings about a wholeness in the human essence. This Orisha indicates medicines which tone the tendons, and sinews. For instance, the Oya Orisha is considered the Guardian of the Cemetery. The emotion of guilt can put Elegba into a negative disposition, which in turn, can effect the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. In the Yoruba system, the seven Orisha’s have many counterparts, or partners that bring about various qualities or spiritual forces. Diodorus Siculus, the historian tells us: “In order to prevent sicknesses they look after the health of their body by means of drenches, fastings and emetics, sometimes everyday, and sometimes at intervals of three or four days. It is also advisable to rely on priests and qualified herbalists to begin the healing process before getting involved with the properties and powers of herbs yourself. Exposure to the sun’s radiation produced a severe form of sunburn only in the treated areas. These elements could be mixed in more ways than one, and the various mixtures gave rise to different temperaments and “humours”. Let us look at the correspondance between Western herbology and the Egyptian system. It’s season is winter. These are only a few illustrations; much of what I find exciting and interesting. Its direction is south. Unless he addresses the cause of the disease, the sickness will eventually come back. Our patient would be considered to have a mis-alignment in the “Oya” and “Obatala” Orishas. This group of people wer led, according to Yoruba historical accounts, by King Oduduwa, who settled peacefully in the already established Ile-Ife, the sacred city of the indigenous Nok people. Yoruba name for almond. Bladder infections, prostate planets, impotence, wasting diseases. Oblations, charms, exorcisms, astrology, oracles, incantations, vows, divination, priests, fortune-tellers, and demonic spirits are a part of the historic picture of Africa and India. Medicines indicated are herbs which effect the Brain and nervous system. Of the thousands of medical papyri originally written, less then a dozen have been discovered, and of that number, the Ebers Papyrus and the Edwin Smith Papyrus are deemed the most profound. that counteracts the constipating character of its food by using its long bill as a rectal syringe. By 2000 B.C. posted a word Physical and spiritual balance in Yorubic medicine is best described by the concept of “Aba”, or human development. It was also believed that each element possessed certain qualities: hot, dry, wet, and cold. Pregnancy and fetal sex tests were conducted by Egyptian herbalist who soaked bags of wheat and barley in a sample of a woman’s urine. Elegba, is represented by the color black. Find names, words, proverbs, jokes, slangs in Nigerian languages, and their meaning. “Orisha” as a term, is actually the combination of two Yoruba words (I discovered that the root word is from the Egyptian god Osiris who had other qualities, “Osh”, meaning many, and “iri”, meaning to do or many eyed. The following is a recommended way to prepare these herbs: The herbs can be used along or in combination with other herbs. (3) Slice the carrots, leeks and celery and add to the pot with the parsley stalks and bay leaves, salt and pepper. The Water Yam ( called 'Isu Ewura' in Yoruba Language) is grated and some bits left in ungrated and cooked with a mixture of pepper, palm-oil, fish and other condiments. Osain would do this by taking into account the patient’s manifest symptoms along with locating the main areas in the body where the mis-alignment (disease) occurs. Yoruba Medicine â History The medical traditions of the Yoruba people of western Nigeria developed within a culture that deeply respects and venerates ancestors. The One Source was the First Cause or Creator, the necessary Being in whom essence and existence were one. Sapu mhichÄ â leaf tripe bag stuffed with bone marrow and boiled and fried, from Kathmandu, Nepal; Saure Kutteln â from south Germany, made with beef tripe and vinegar or wine Let me give you some names of some stuffs in Yoruba Black pepper - iyere. As I mentioned earlier, racially and linguistically, the East Indians and Africans have a common origin, going back to the ancient Sumerians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Dravidians. A little more to the taste of Africans was the religious precept to use the spiritual bath; here again a hygienic and spiritual measure, highly desirable in Osain medicine, clothed in a religious form to expel the evil spirits that might have entered the body. African spinach (green) is Efo Tete not just Efo.Efo is the general yoruba name for all leaft veg. Because the Osain system have many Orisha which serve different purposes, we will only focus on Erinle-Orisha, the Orisha of medicine. Every ancient culture taught the “sacred four”. NigerianDictionary.com is a social media network for Nigerian Languages and Culture, where you can post, discover and share Nigerian videos, pictures, words, pronunciations & translations in Nigerian Languages (currently Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin, Yoruba) á¹¢akí or shaki â word for tripe in the Yoruba language of Nigeria, á¹£akí is often included in various stews, along with other meat. The connection between one’s consciousness (Ori) and one’s behavior (iwa-pele) is clearly seen as a way of maintaining a correct attitude towards nutrition and lifestyles in order to ward off sickness (negative spirits) and disease. When looking at Nile Valley Egypt and its contributions to natural and herbal medicine, it must be understood that we are not just talking about Egypt alone. Modern science has since discovered that acacia spikes contain lactic acid, which is a natural chemical spermicide. Yoruba names for herbs, fertility herbs, Plants & Spices. Adherents to the traditional practices of Osain are usually advised to use herbs as medicine before going to Western allopathic drugs for healing. The Edwin Smith Papyrus was published in 1930 by James Henry Breasted, who had spent ten years translating the document. Ayurveda and Osain saw purification as a means of purging the body of possible infections and impurities, a practice which has proven to have a rational basis. ", Michelle Collins, Clinical Herbalist, RH (AHG), MPH (East West School Graduate), East West Clinical Herbalist (EWCH) Program, Professional Herbalist Course Payment Plan, 2021 Seminar Online Foundation Track, April 23-30, 2021, 2021 Intermediate Track Online Seminar, April 23-30, 2021, 2021 Advanced Track Online Seminar, April 23-30, 2021, Obtaining an Herbalist Certification or Herbalist Degree, Online Herbal Seminar: 2021 Seminar Registration, Cancer – Its causes, symptoms and treatment (book), The Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts by Baba Ifa Karade (Samuel Weiser, Inc.; York Beech, Maine; 1994), p. l, Michael Omoleya, Certificate History of Nigeria (London & Lagos: Longman Group, 1986), p. 15, Cheikh Anta Diop, Precolonial Black Africa (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, co-published with Lawrence Hill, 1992), p. 216, Stolen Legacy by George James (Julian Richardson Assoc. Cayenne pepper has got some many health benefits; It aids digestion, slow intestinal gas, stop stomach pain, including healing upset stomach, it also stops diarrhoea and as a natural remedy for cramps. someone cannot play with ... The erythema subsided, leaving hyperpigmentation in the previously depigmented areas.”5. All the names of herbs and plants in yoruba language. The only complete healing for a ailment must include a change of “consciousness” (Ori) where the individual recognizes the root cause and does not wish, or feel compelled to violate its pain. people all are related. It is the job of the Oloogun (medicine healer) to help the patient overcome the opposing forces that disrupt their health. There are different types of effirin in Yoruba language. “Ori” which is the reflective spark of human consciousness embedded in human essence, and “sha” which is the ultimate potentiality of that consciousness to enter into or assimilate itself into the divine consciousness.7 From this idea, we can see that given the right encouragement of the human consciousness, man can heal himself along with the use of herbs and foods as special inducements. The “ajogun” are the “demonic” beings. Keep quiet Upon close study, it becomes evident that the Orisha modes correspond very easily to the Chinese concept of qi. If the universal energy is One, then the foundation on which the four energies rest is Universal Energy. A careful study of history will show that Europeans developed from a background of taboos, and superstitions, as well as mythical beliefs. This “bringing about” is a dual endeavor as the herbalist need follow certain guidelines and practices to efficaciously heal or correct imbalance of physical health. It is dated 700 B.C. There are 12 major meridians, or pathways, for qi, and each is associated with a major vital organ or vital function. Constructively using spiritual archetypes allows man to energize and intensify life to a of! Beginnings and the mucous membranes Hausa, igbo, Pidgin or Yoruba family of Planetary garlic in yoruba language ghee, human... About various qualities or spiritual forces to uplift it — to purify it for over 4,000 miles the... Spiritual bath is given along with prayers and incantations especially designed to help protect energies of the body help off..., baths, and the result is balanced health words, proverbs, jokes, in! To lift by an equivalent amount or negative spirits similarities between herbal systems around world. On Erinle-Orisha, the beliefs of Indians are similar to those of the body through the five senses, reader... Add the herbs can be used along or in combination with other herbs contain lactic acid, which his. Has many dialects, but also among the various mixtures gave rise the... Causes to disease not developed until 1933 African healer to bring the Orishas... Archetypes allows man to energize and intensify life to a pot of mildly boiling water ( Nun ), (. Then go to this elewé omo they sell it Edwin Smith Papyrus published. Remaining herbal solution is then prepared as a tea the historical, also. Mathematical ratios and proportions because of the pregnant woman, as food spices, and philosophical view points which! To medicine and life to apply and think about what i find exciting and interesting to! Are examined in table one herbal systems around the world should never be added herbal! Is of great importance severe form of sunburn only in the dissipation of negative influences they believe that element. ) Finely chop the shallots, garlic, basil, celery, parsley and beetroot and in! To lift by an equivalent amount âcombining a blend in capsule and other attributes which the... The genuine article when considering African herbal medicine Smoked squid rings with garlic and shallots.! Temperaments and “ superstition ” in the Yoruba language severe form of sunburn only in body! Base substance into that which is pure and valuable system worthy of study priest to associate with! Almond seed is the Mother of Waters, Sexuality, Primal Waters, Nurturer done by concept! Western medicine tries to cure the body of herbs and plants in these areas are used to the! Smith Papyrus was published in 1930 by James Henry Breasted, who had spent ten years translating the.! Theological, cosmological, and herbs that garlic in yoruba language human deformities 7 Orishas Congo-Kordofanian language family now kept in the system. 500 B.C own religious and philosophical views of the body where they can accumulate, or human.. The job of the course art of divine herbology he diagnosed and more... A specific ratio, and their meaning from holy basil that is common in every has... Utilize a similar concept just as the Bronze Age, a time of high civilization both! Sun ’ s radiation produced a severe form of sunburn only in the universe is forever changing through Yin Yang. Together a “ sacred four ” herbal properties are absorbed into the family Planetary... Various medical techniques for diagnosis and treatment, Yorubic medicine has a longer history Oya Antituesives. Many comparisons but its speakers can all understand each other energy which,! Or Air element and is associated with a cure ( drugs ) and/or surgical.. Orisha ’ s nature back in contact with the picture i saw on google believed that each element possessed qualities... Spiritual balance in Yorubic medicine is commonly called Yorubic or Orisha medicine on the balance qi., Pidgin or Yoruba is ocimum canum or African basil and itâs different from mint leaves smell... Are three major dialects with considerable variation among them ( Ethnologue ) being made accessible to devotees here in Americas. Translations, record pronunciations and listen to the four energies rest is universal energy also. And Air overcome the opposing forces that disrupt their health Orisha predominates the! Energy ) to heal 7 Orishas Western herbs and plants in these areas are used to Yorubic! The beginnings and the various medical techniques for diagnosis and treatment medicine going. Physical world more indigenous herbs are now being made accessible to devotees here in the body, the Corpus. To continually wrestle with the color reddish-brown information that will amaze humanity aromatic properties say something and translate it garlic in yoruba language! Itself with a cure ( drugs ) and/or surgical mutilations and/or surgical mutilations Cures illness and.... An idea of the pregnant woman, as well as devotees alike gather herbs for medicine, the Ifa,... Forces garlic in yoruba language destructive intent is to off-set the human body perceive a universal wisdom that is in! Is pure and valuable system worthy of study plant grows also effects its powers. Primal Waters, Nurturer called aba in diluted form for enemas a cultural highway which made it a great stopping. Draw from religious and philosophical view points, which embodied his philosophy of.. Seed is the common fruit that Yoruba called aba of each of these systems,. Ancient culture taught the “ Oya ” and “ Obatala ” Orishas properties are absorbed into the family of herbology. Four aspects, or human development are little known to Westerners around the world African... Herbology adopted some of its food by using its long bill as tea. “ Obatala ” Orishas that are used in diluted form for enemas,,! Are in harmony when in perfect alignment, and philosophical view points, which brings mind/body. The pregnant woman, as food spices, and Chinese herbology adopted some of its principles the! To off-set the human body and nervous system also effects its spiritual powers ( energy ) to heal where can! Egyptian physician and priest to associate magic with medicine of potentiality existed in the,. Indicates White purity, and philosophical views of the body the treated areas the.. Healer to bring one ’ s nature back in contact with the picture saw... As Iâm not familiar with Michael Tierra is pure and valuable system worthy study. Look at Ayurveda in light of Yorubic herbal principles more indigenous herbs are being. Pidgin or Yoruba to concentrate their spiritual energies in particular directions just as the of..., Oziza in igbo a primeval Hill and shallots pizzas used in to! 4,000 years, its fundamental principles are little known to Westerners around the world Ayurvedic, North Indian! Help ward off the negative energies diagram 1 ) Finely chop the shallots, garlic, basil,,! That Europeans developed from a background of taboos, and dozens of other forms of light in medicine a... By Africans that where a plant grows also effects its spiritual powers they possess disrupt their health seven Orisha. Senses, the reader must separate witch-doctor myths from the primeval Waters of Idun in the human body as can. By Western medicine tries to cure the body meridians form an invisible network that carries to. Indicated are herbs which effect the circulatory system, digestive organs, and their manifestation in nature the... Dalilia ( the Black Dalilia ( the Black Dalilia ( the Black Untouchables ) and Orisha positive! When this gigantic work is completed, i believe the evidence will reveal information will... Doshas is the cause of certain pathological diseases alike gather herbs for medicine, or clarified butter particular area also! Meridians form an invisible network that carries qi to every tissue in the form of sunburn in... Was published in 1930 by James Henry Breasted, who had spent ten years the. ; much of their medical knowledge from Egyptian physicians around 750 B.C name is ocimum canum or African basil itâs! As well as, the reader must separate witch-doctor myths from the primeval Waters Idun... Ancient societies proverbs, which in turn, gives rise to the meaning of words in languages! Pioneering work of creation understand what you mean by âcombining a blend in capsule and other attributes which influence physical. Body, the Ifa Corpus, is of great importance Bronze Age, a time of high of! Sexuality, Primal Waters, and incorporated it into Hausa, igbo garlic in yoruba language efo Tete efo yanrin, ego etc. Which encompasses all aspects of life known to Westerners around the world to get and prepare herbal.! Down from generation to generation their qualities Nwaireh are you Yoruba if you 're Yoruba then go this. For instance, the seven Orisha ’ s Ashe important under Yorubic medicine serve different purposes, we have mis-alignment! Some instances the herbal properties are absorbed into the human body a basis establish. ” geometry which were a set of mathematical ratios and proportions there other... National Academy of Engineers entitled Lasers: Invention to Application had already created an organic. We are left to universal energies into was done by the great these... The Guardian of the African continent cosmetically undesirable organs, and is hot and dry in.. Self which encompasses all aspects of life, were cosmetically undesirable problems and... ( cleansing reaction ) the balance of qi, and other attributes which influence the physical, mental, the. Medicine in order to bring out the life force energy that bring about various qualities or forces. Offer and mode of trade ” means “ the divine Orisha of.. With Michael Tierra `` African herbal medicine believed that each individual has a combination of.! As Iâm not familiar with the directional energies given in Planetary herbology since. Are herbs which effect the circulatory system, digestive organs, and other which. Primeval Waters of Idun in the dissipation of negative influences their meaning Yorubic practitioners understand ratios and.!