Enemas are among one of the most effective treatments in cleaning out the colon which is the seat of many diseases. Yoruba language, one of a small group of languages that comprise the Yoruboid cluster of the Defoid subbranch of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo language family. In terms of therapeutic approaches, both systems have many comparisons. The word “Osain” means “the divine Orisha of plants”. For they say that the larger part of the food taken into the body is superfluous, and that it is from this superfluous part that diseases are engendered.”, The habit of taking enemas was learned by the Egyptians from observing the “ibis”, a bird. Effirin in Yoruba ocimum gratissimum or clove basil. Thus, Osain is a divine journey to the inner self which encompasses all aspects of life. Oblations, charms, exorcisms, astrology, oracles, incantations, vows, divination, priests, fortune-tellers, and demonic spirits are a part of the historic picture of Africa and India. She is the protective energies of the feminine force. It is responsible for the winds of change, and is associated with the color reddish-brown. Aba is a circle in the center which is aligned with the seven Orishas, each of which is represented by smaller circles of the opposite colors of black and white. The following is a recommended way to prepare these herbs: The herbs can be used along or in combination with other herbs. They indicated that we must pass through all four aspects, or directions, if we are to be complete and balanced human beings. Itâs not only in the Yorubaland, but also among the other cultures in Nigeria. Table 3: The Ewe and Presiding Orisha Correspondences, Skullcap, Sage, Kola Nut, Basil, Hyssop, Blue Vervain, White Willow, Valerian, Yellow Dock, Burdock, Cinnamon, Damiana, Anis, Raspberry, Yarrow, Chamomile, Lotus, Uva-Ursi, Buchu, Myrrh, Echinacea, Kelp, Squawvine, Cohosh, Dandelion, Yarrow, Aloe, Spirulina, Mints, Passion Plower, Wild Yam Root, Eucalyptus, Alfalfa, Hawthorn, Bloodroot, Parsley, Motherwort, Garlic, Mullein, Comfrey, Cherrybark, Pleurisy Root, Elecampane, Horehound, Chickweed, Plantain, Saw Palmetto, Hibiscus, Fo-ti, Sarsaparilla, Nettles, Cayenne. They really challenged me to apply and think about what I have been learning. My goal was to add to the tremendous work Dr. Tierra laid out in integrating Eastern and Western philosophies and the principles of Chinese, Japanese, Ayurvedic, and North American Indian herbal medicine. In the Americas and the Caribbeans, Osain based practitioners are also directed to use herbs as medicine. The Chinese also recognize the “seven emotions” as causes to disease. The art of medicine, as Yorubic practitioners understand. A careful study of history will show that Europeans developed from a background of taboos, and superstitions, as well as mythical beliefs. More and more indigenous herbs are now being made accessible to devotees here in the Americas. Again, Yoruba medical principles give us a system which harmonizes with the directional energies given in Planetary Herbology. All that is in the universe emanated from the same source, one universal Mind. Angelic forces (Orisha) —————— ewe (herbs), Obatala: Antispasmodic, stimulants, nervine, diaphoretic, Elegba: All herbs (herbs used for harmonizing), Oshun: Alteratives, blood tonics, cholagogues, emmenagogues, antipyretics, expectorants, carminatives, Yemoja: Perturient, tonics, diuretics, cholagogues, Ogun: Rubefacients, antianemics, antihemorrhagics, nutritive tonics, cardiac tonics, diuretics. Keep quiet There is also considerable evidence that physicians in Egypt (also Kemet) practiced circumcision, brain surgery and were extremely well versed in gynecology and obstetrics. BritBritBrow, You now following The use of other forms of light in medicine has a longer history. There is no other explanation for the similarities between herbal systems around the world. Hausa language: Ganyen faski or Lansil. Clove -kanafuru. They believed that these ratios if used in the sound of music and the architecture of buildings (pyrimids), this would resonate with the life forces of the universe and thus enhance life. Its direction is North. One can perceive a universal wisdom that is common in every culture and system of herbal medicine. Western medicine tries to cure the body from curing (cleansing) itself with a cure (drugs) and/or surgical mutilations. A cold for instance, could be exorcised by such magic words as: “Depart, cold, son of a cold, thou who breakest the bones, destroyest the skull, makest ill the seven openings of the head!…Go out on the floor, stink, stink, stink!” In many ways, this provided an effective cure, known today by various contemporary medicine as psychosomatic. Egyptian priest physicians saw the ideal of medicine as a magical principle: “that the qualities of animals or things are distributed throughout all their parts”. Orunmila saw that dual levels of potentiality existed in the human body. (The term Osain is also used to describe Yorubic herbology. Each Orisha is characterized by certain attributes and is in charge of specific organ functions. 1500 B.C.) Seekers, or aspirants of the system of Osain, or Yoruba, seek to bring themselves into alignment (balanced health) with his spiritual being (immortal reality), and his relationship with the Divine Cause. Whenever we listen to our bodies, it moves to provide us with the training and the appropriate knowledge that we need to regain our balance. A disease is viewed as harmonizing healing crisis of the body. he is the liberator. Orunmila’s teachings were directed at the Yoruba people which centered around the topics of divination, prayer, dance, symbolic gestures, personal and communal elevation, spiritual baths, meditation, and herbal medicine. (see diagram 5). Osain utilizes the spiritual bath for this same purpose. The Yoruba language belongs to the Congo-Kordofanian language family. In other words, if the universal center is the source of all great herbal inspirations, then these four directional energies are the vehicles through which the inspiration becomes manifest. Among the people, amulets and charms mere more popular than pills as preventive or curatives of disease. Of the thousands of medical papyri originally written, less then a dozen have been discovered, and of that number, the Ebers Papyrus and the Edwin Smith Papyrus are deemed the most profound. As envisioned by the ancient prophet, Orunmila, of Yoruba, the Ifa Corpus (Cosmic Intelligence) is the text of Osain herbalism. They believers that the soul and body were not two distinct things, but one in two different aspects, just as form related to matter. The ancient physician/priests of the Nile Valley were said to have been instructed in temples which were called “Per Ankh.” In today’s language they would be called the “House of Life”. Mistletoe in yoruba language is Afomo. The Orishas also have special places or main locations in the body where they can accumulate, or cause havoc and disease. Efo igbo, efo tete efo yanrin, ego shoko etc. The Ebers Papyrus (ca. By the time the Third Dynasty arrived during the reign of King Zoser, Imhotep, the great African physician had expanded on much of the earlier theories of medicine. ", Michelle Collins, Clinical Herbalist, RH (AHG), MPH (East West School Graduate), East West Clinical Herbalist (EWCH) Program, Professional Herbalist Course Payment Plan, 2021 Seminar Online Foundation Track, April 23-30, 2021, 2021 Intermediate Track Online Seminar, April 23-30, 2021, 2021 Advanced Track Online Seminar, April 23-30, 2021, Obtaining an Herbalist Certification or Herbalist Degree, Online Herbal Seminar: 2021 Seminar Registration, Cancer – Its causes, symptoms and treatment (book), The Handbook of Yoruba Religious Concepts by Baba Ifa Karade (Samuel Weiser, Inc.; York Beech, Maine; 1994), p. l, Michael Omoleya, Certificate History of Nigeria (London & Lagos: Longman Group, 1986), p. 15, Cheikh Anta Diop, Precolonial Black Africa (Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, co-published with Lawrence Hill, 1992), p. 216, Stolen Legacy by George James (Julian Richardson Assoc. Darrell Williams) can be reached as follows: 7115 So. Creator of Human Form, White purity, Cures illness and deformities. The key point, in respect to the evolution of Yoruba medicine, is that Egyptian knowledge, coupled with the earlier Nok people, produced the outcome of Yoruba herbal practices. In the body, the Erinle-Orisha can be understood in terms of metabolic energy which activates, or stimulates the other Orisha. Actually, the disease is the “food itself”. Since beetroot is not a very common vegetable in Nigeria, there is no widely known Yoruba term for beetroot â this â¦ The Yorubas believed that the Orishas of the celestial world were emanations of Oludumare (The One Source) who conceived the universe by a series of emanations, and in this way it is possible to reconcile the unity of God with multiplicity. Modern science has since discovered that acacia spikes contain lactic acid, which is a natural chemical spermicide. This papyrus describes 48 different injuries to the head, face, neck, thorax and spinal column and the appropriate surgical methods for attending to them. Share photos and translations, record pronunciations, make friends. According to the Memphite Doctrine, “The primate God Ptah, conceived in his heart, everything that exist and by his utterance created them all. Physical and spiritual balance in Yorubic medicine is best described by the concept of “Aba”, or human development. TY. The remaining herbal solution is then prepared as a tea. This ancient text, the Ifa Corpus, is the foundation for the art of divine herbology. All illness is the result of imbalance of the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects in the body. Orunmilaâs teachings were directed at the Yoruba people which centered around the topics of divination, prayer, dance, symbolic gestures, personal and communal elevation, spiritual baths, meditation, and herbal medicine. This coincides with the Chinese belief that the universe is forever changing through Yin and Yang. posted a word it involves practices by which human beings hoped to be able to understand and control the forces of the universe. It is the Mother of Waters, and is associated with the color blue and crystal. Yoruba priests believe that the Orishas govern a law of human passions and desires which, if improperly indulged, or violated, will prevent a person from gaining spiritual benefit from the external acts of rituals. © Copyright 2020 NigerianDictionary.com by NgEX! During the reign of King Menes, there developed a body of knowledge which centered around magic, medicine, philosophy and religion which is known as the Memphite Theolopy. The urine pregnancy test was not rediscovered by modern science until 1926 and the wheat/barley sex determination teat was not developed until 1933. This “contact” with the inherent force involves a tri-lateral process which includes: By enhancing the ashe in the human form, the spiritual channels are increased in power in order to allow the internal Orishas to gain leverage over the oppressive negative forces which are upsetting the balance of the body. Table 3 below shows herbal directives. Garlic Lime Shea butter Water or Soda water How to prepare it Get some quality of ginger and some quality of garlic, cut 10 pieces of lime into halves and soak all inside one litre of soda water or ordinary water. Yoruba language: Effirin . It is suspected that the Eighteenth Dynasty scribe who was responsible for copying the original text only wrote the first 48 cases dealing with the upper third of the body. Botanical names: Petroselinum hortense and/or Petroselinum crispum. To understand the application of Osain herbology, lets’s take as an example a person suffering from a bronchial-pulmonary condition including cough, and spitting of white mucus. Oshun, is represented by the color yellow. Tempest, Guardian of the Cemetery, Winds of Change, Storms, Progression, she is usually in the company of her counterpart Shango, she is the deity of rebirth as things must die so that new beginnings arise. As in Western and Chinese herbology, the Yoruba system incorporates environmental and emotional states. Along side the incantations that were used, the sick patient was given a foul tasting concoction to help ward off the demon housed in the body. Oya Orisha predominates in the lungs, bronchial passages, and the mucous membranes. As one can see, we have a useful system of categorization which applies to all levels of disease and treatment. Please Iâm still searching for the local name of Jujube leaves in Yoruba as Iâm not familiar with the picture I saw on google. (3) Slice the carrots, leeks and celery and add to the pot with the parsley stalks and bay leaves, salt and pepper. Osiris came to mean Omniscient). The influence of Egyptian medicine was so great on European culture that even to this day Egyptian concepts still have its signature in modern Western medicine. However, the emotional and spiritual causes of disease would be taken into account in order to appease the negative forces of ajogun to make the cure complete according to traditional Yoruba religious practices. Dr. Perkins states that: “The use of the laser in medicine and surgery has a relatively short pedigree of less than two decades. It was through the Ashe (Nature) that matter and forces of creation evolved from. ", --Jill Ruttenberg, Clinical Herbalist (2000 East West School Graduate), "The credibility of graduating from the program also has great respect nation wide. 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